Visit Website When he was around 30 years old, Jesus started his public ministry after being baptized in the Jordan River by the prophet known as John the Baptist. For about three years, Jesus traveled with 12 appointed disciples, teaching large groups of people and performing what witnesses described as miracles. Some of the most well-known miraculous events included raising a dead man named Lazarus from the grave, walking on water and curing the blind. Some of the main themes that Jesus taught, which Christians later embraced, include:
What is the history of Christianity? The history of Christianity is really the history of Western civilization.
Christianity has had an all-pervasive influence on society at large—art, language, politics, law, family life, calendar dates, music, and the very way we think have all been colored by Christian influence for nearly two millennia. The story of the church, therefore, is an important one to know.
Jesus had promised that He would build His church Matthew The initial converts to Christianity were Jews or proselytes to Judaism, and the church was centered in Jerusalem. Because of this, Christianity was seen at first as a Jewish sect, akin to the Pharisees, the Sadducees, or the Essenes.
However, what the apostles preached was radically different from what other Jewish groups were teaching. It is quite proper to say that Christianity has its roots in Judaism. The Old Testament laid the groundwork for the New, and it is impossible to fully understand Christianity without a working knowledge of the Old Testament see the books of Matthew and Hebrews.
The New Testament, then, is all about the coming of Messiah and His work to save us from sin. In His life, Jesus fulfilled over specific prophecies, proving that He was the One the Old Testament had anticipated.
The evangelist Philip preached to the Samaritans Acts 8: The apostle Paul the former persecutor of the church spread the gospel all over the Greco-Roman world, reaching as far as Rome itself Acts For the next years, Christians were persecuted by Rome—sometimes at random, sometimes by government edict.
In the 2nd and 3rd centuries, the church leadership became more and more hierarchical as numbers increased. Several heresies were exposed and refuted during this time, and the New Testament canon was agreed upon.
Persecution continued to intensify.
About 70 years later, during the reign of Theodosius, Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire. Bishops were given places of honor in the government, and by A. After Constantine, then, Christians were no longer persecuted.
Such forced conversions led to many people entering the church without a true change of heart.
The pagans brought with them their idols and the practices they were accustomed to, and the church changed; icons, elaborate architecture, pilgrimages, and the veneration of saints were added to the simplicity of early church worship.
About this same time, some Christians retreated from Rome, choosing to live in isolation as monks, and infant baptism was introduced as a means of washing away original sin.
As the Roman Empire grew weaker, the church became more powerful, and many disagreements broke out between the churches in the West and those in the East. The Western Latin church, based in Rome, claimed apostolic authority over all other churches. This did not sit well with the Eastern Greek church, based in Constantinople.
History of Christianity - The Middle Ages During the Middle Ages in Europe, the Roman Catholic Church continued to hold power, with the popes claiming authority over all levels of life and living as kings. Corruption and greed in the church leadership was commonplace.Christianity - The history of Christianity: Christianity began as a movement within Judaism at a period when the Jews had long been dominated culturally and politically by foreign powers and had found in their religion (rather than in their politics or cultural achievements) the linchpin of their community.
Jun 01, · A stirring defense of the faith by one of Christianity's ablest defenders. Dr. John Montgomery, scholar, theologian and apologist for the faith, developed this book from a seminar he presented at the University of British Columbia/5(13).
Aug 21, · The Bible is the holy scripture of the Christian religion, purporting to tell the history of the Earth from its earliest creation to the spread of Christianity in the first century A.D. Christianity is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
Its Western culture, throughout most of its history, has been nearly equivalent to Christian culture, and a large portion of the population of the Western hemisphere can be described as cultural Christians.
The history of Christianity concerns the Christian religion, Christendom, and the Church with its various denominations, from the 1st century to the present.
Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christianity spread to all of Europe in the Middle Ages. History of Christianity: The Arrival of Jesus Christ History of Christianity -- With this cultural and religious backdrop, the ministry of Jesus began.
Jesus was a Jew.