This dramatic event, counted as Seleucus' first regal year, was continued as the Seleucid Era, the first continuous count of time in world chronology, soon to inspire the similar Arsacid Era of Parthia. There is also the residual uncertainty about Hellenistic dating.
It will also show exactly who Cuneglas had been or rather who the god that Cuneglas worshipped had been as described by the 6th C. AD British cleric Gildas in his De Excidio Britanniae, it was without a doubt a reference to a celestial Northern Germanic high smith god of blade weapons.
Further more it will show that the Germans in the ranks of the VI Victrix had connected Castus to this god when he was promoted to Dux in AD in a year of two Great Comets, and that at some point most likely upon his death that he had been deified as a celestial assistant of that god.
There is also a lot of information on this ring that coincides with that which is seen on the Marble Icon of Lucius Artorius Castus!
I have every reason to believe that both rings had derived from the same area, most likely somewhere in or around York, England. As the art had been done in layers and will transform in a type of animation when the ring is moved, then the photography has to be at exact angles and during daylight, it is a time consuming process.
My findings show that either the ring had been made for a German serving in the VI Victrix, or that the VI Victrix had a large number of Germans in it's ranks in the 4th C. At a glance the miniature art on the bezel shows five stars and a cresent moon with horns that point up a Cheshire Moon, or Winter Moonthese have a reference to Constantine.
The five stars in such a formation are symbolic of the five wounds of Christ. The celestial A letter to octavian the founder of the roman empire god is assisted with this by a figure in and as one of the stars, the inscriptions state that the figure is the spirit of Lucius Artorius Castus bearing several standards among other things Castus's pennant standard displays the Dioscuri.
As mentioned previously it suggests that at some point that the Germans in the ranks of the VI Victrix had defied Castus in connection with their celestial high god, it also suggests that Constantine may have had a special relationship with the VI Victrix, most likely from when he had been proclaimed Augustus at Eboracum York in AD.
The underneath of the bezel shows a Legionary propeller belt mount. On the belt mount there are figures of the Virgin Mary in a large halo with angels this may depict the Assumptionthere also appears to be at least some of the Apostles. There are demonic appearing figures around this, there is also a figure in a Phrygian cap as if fleeing most likely representing the defeat of Mithraism.
Overall it shows that the Christian weapons and military standards are created by a Germanic pagan high god of weapons and aggression, but that anything protective is solely Christian and passive.
In my opinion this shows what must have been considered a relatively new concept for the entire Roman Army my findings show that Christians individually had served in the Roman Army as early as the Flavian Erathat is Roman Legionaries in mass aggressively fighting for a God who represented the passive.
Such a dualistic concept can be seen with Medieval Arthurian lore, it may also explain the mixture of Christian and pagan themes of the Medieval Knights. Thomas several centuries later.
Mid 1st Century AD Culture: Roman and Roman Provincial Style: At least some of the Auxiliaries were Sarmatians and Cavalry. While the helmet itself is made of bronze the crest is made of copper. The crest shows a victory over the Parthians on one side and victories over the Jewish Rebels on the other side, how a victory over the Parthians that must have been in the Roman Parthian War from 59 to 63 AD would have fit into the Roman Officer's career I do not know at this time.
The visor shows stamped laurels of a crown award, then stamped and engraved figures of a victory over the Parthians and possibly the Jewish Rebels between the laurels. The entire helmet inside and out has engravings with trances of gold and silver gilding, lead overlay, lead wash, and niello; then layered art done in paint and tints, it appears that there had been a type of lacquer or resins over at least some of this.
The crest had at least one repair in antiquity, this may suggest field use. There are remnants of a "V" front wedge plume insert that was possibly made of wood or bone or ivory, or wood and bone or ivory.
The insert is probably the reason that the crest is made of a more flexible metal such as copper.
To my knowledge there are three other known examples of this type of statue. Two of the others are smaller, have less detail, some slight damage, are missing the javelin, and are not capable of tipping forward in the flying position. Although the statue may be a bit smaller it is near exact to the example seen here amazingly the javelin is also intactalthough the engravings on the chariot are in fact different and it understandably has a much thicker patina.Paul’s letter to veterans.
Dec 7, Mark Antony and Octavian. In 42 BC, the Battle of Philippi raged between a number of Roman legions loyal to either to Octavian or to Brutus. The victory went to Octavian, and the assassins and their troops were annihilated.
Thanks to Roman roads across the empire, the Roman military was very mobile. The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Rōmānum, Classical Latin: [grupobittia.comũː roːˈmaː.nũː]; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr. Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman grupobittia.com had a government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Augustus (Latin: Imperator Caesar Divi filius Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD His status as the founder of the Roman Principate has consolidated an enduring legacy as one of the most effective and controversial leaders in.
The Roman provinces of Gaul, Britain and Hispania broke off to form the Gallic Empire and, two years later in , the eastern provinces of Syria, Palestine and Aegyptus became independent as the Palmyrene Empire, leaving the remaining Italian-centered Roman Empire-proper in the grupobittia.comges: Latin (official until ), Greek (official after ), Regional / local languages.
The inscriptions and art depictions on this helmet show that it had once belonged to a Praefectus of Auxiliaries or a Tribune of a Legion (possibly of Legion XV Apollinaris), but with a mention of the Auxiliaries at the Battle of Gamla and the Battle of Lake Gennesaret / Town of Tarichaeae (aka Magdala) during the First Jewish Rebellion (66 to 70, or 73 AD).
[AAA] Atlas of Ancient Archaeology, Jacquetta Hawkes (ed), Barnes and Nobles: [AAF] Answering a Fundamentalist, Albert J.
Nevins, M.M., Our Sunday Visitor.