Specifically, Kierkegaard examines how Abraham, patriarch of the Israelites and generally regarded as the spiritual ancestor of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, could sacrifice his son, Isaac. He takes Isaac to the mountain and binds the boy to an altar. As he is about to kill his son, he is stopped by an angel.
Abraham, childless after 80 years, prays for a son. God grants his wish, and Abraham has Isaac. Thirty years later, God orders Abraham to kill his son. Abraham prepares to kill Isaac, but at the last second God spares Isaac and allows Abraham to sacrifice a ram instead.
Fear and Trembling includes four different retellings of the story, each with a slightly different viewpoint.
This is a lie, but Abraham says to himself that he would rather have Isaac lose faith in his father than lose faith in God. In the second version, Abraham sacrifices a ram instead of Isaac. In the third version, Abraham decides not to kill Isaac and then prays to God to forgive him for having thought of sacrificing his son in the first place.
In the rest of Fear and Trembling, Kierkegaard examines his four retellings of the story of Abraham, focusing on the religious and the ethical.
Kierkegaard claims that the killing of Isaac is ethically wrong but religiously right. Kierkegaard also uses his retelling of the Abraham story to distinguish between faith and resignation. Abraham could have been resigned to kill Isaac just because God told him to do so and because he knew that God was always right.
However, Kierkegaard claims that Abraham did not act out of a resignation that God must always be obeyed but rather out of faith that God would not do something that was ethically wrong. Abraham knew that killing Isaac was ethically wrong, but he had faith that God would spare his son.
Kierkegaard claims that the tension between ethics and religion causes Abraham anxiety. Abraham performs a teleological suspension of the ethical when he decides to kill Isaac. Abraham knows that killing Isaac is unethical.
However, Abraham decides to suspend the ethical—in other words, to put ethical concerns on the back burner—because he has faith in the righteousness of the end or telos that God will bring about.
Abraham puts religious concerns over ethical concerns, thus proving his faith in God. In Fear and Trembling, the ethical and the religious are not directly opposed either. However, the tension between ethics and religion produces anxiety.
Abraham feels anxiety because it is his ethical duty to spare Isaac and his religious duty to sacrifice Isaac. If Abraham had desired to kill Isaac, this would have been both immoral and irreligious.
Kierkegaard believes ethics are important to society but that only an individual can approach God, and an individual can only approach God through faith. If Abraham had not had enough faith, he would have refused to kill his son. Kierkegaard uses this story to illustrate strong faith.Fear and Trembling by Soren Kierkegaard Essay In Soren Kierkegaard’s Fear and Trembling, the biblical story of Abraham is retold with four different viewpoints, to narrow on the religious and the ethical.
For Kierkegaard, the ethical is related to the future, in that it must be adhered to perpetually (see Repetition). In Fear and Trembling, he is concerned with the interaction of the single individual vis-à-vis the ethical and the religious.
Concerning the ethical, Abraham's duty to Isaac is fatherly love. Writing under the pseudonym of "Johannes de Silentio," Kierkegaard discusses the story from the Bible, Genesis , of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice Isaac.
|People who bought this also bought...||Below that I give a rather brief reply intended to take a stand, but not exhaust the matter.|
|The Concept of Anxiety||Here I re-read a book I've read many times before in response to a specific question from a former student and I have first stated his question, then my reply, then appended detailed notes I took along the way as I worked to prepare my reply to him.|
|See a Problem?||Next Work This is a deeply personal work which exists semantically on two distinct planes. Ostensibly it is about the "teleological suspension of the ethical", that is, the suspension of the moral law for the sake of a higher law.|
|Fear and Trembling Quotes by Søren Kierkegaard||Fear and Trembling begins with a Preface by Johannes de silentio.|
For this deed, Abraham is normally acknowledged as the father of faith, but in this day and age, Johannes remarks, no one is content with faith. Soren Kierkegaard Essay Examples. 20 total results. The Philosophical Movement That Stresses on Individual Existence.
An Analysis of the Humaneness of the Future in Fear and Trembling by Soren Kierkegaard.
1, words. 4 pages. 83 quotes from Fear and Trembling: ‘If anyone on the verge of action should judge himself according to the outcome, he would never begin.’ ― Soren Kierkegaard, Fear and Trembling. tags: philosophy. likes. tags: fear-trembling. 46 likes. Like “For he who loves God without faith reflects on himself, while the person who loves.
As Kierkegaard says: one may stay in the ethical, the universal and have a meaningful and satisfying life. Or one may go farther and embrace in fear and trembling and in dread and awe the faith in one’s own choices, facing the terrifying possibilities of being deceived and of deceiving oneself.