By the second week of the war, the Syrians had been pushed entirely out of the Golan Heights. In the Sinai to the south, the Israelis had struck at the "hinge" between two invading Egyptian armies, crossed the Suez Canal where the old ceasefire line had beenand cut off an entire Egyptian army just as a United Nations ceasefire came into effect. During this time, the United States airlifted military supplies to Israel while the Soviet Union airlifted military supplies to Egypt. Sela,Israel clearly had the military victory over both Syria and Egypt, but it suffered a large blow to morale as well as substantial human casualties.
Lizards lay about on sun-warmed stones, blinking in contentment. Falcons circled lazily in the pale blue sky. The waters of the Suez Canal lapped gently at its sandy shores.
Suddenly, at exactly 2 p. Israeli defensive positions years in the making were pulverized in minutes. Without warning, Egyptian MiG and Sukhoi fighters came screaming out of the sky and bombed command posts, surface-to-air batteries, air bases, supply dumps, and radar installations.
Simultaneously, a few hundred miles to the north, the rugged hills of the Golan Heights shook with massive explosions as Syrian MiGs attacked Israeli positions and an assault force of as many as tanks and 40, infantry crossed into Israeli territory.
The October War had begun. Oil prices would soar to unprecedented heights, and the specter of nuclear war would loom over the battlefield.
Though brief—fighting ended within a month—the conflict had enormous impact. Stymied, Egyptian president Anwar el-Sadat determined to retake the lost lands with another war.
Jordan and Iraq agreed to provide a few military units. Sadat, a talented politician and soldier who had succeeded longtime president Gamal Abdel Nasser indetermined he had no choice but to fight. Israel would negotiate on the occupied lands only if threatened militarily, he thought.
And he knew that if he made peace without a fight, Saudi Arabia and other rich Arab states would cut off much-needed development aid to Egypt. Once hostilities opened, the United States and the Soviet Union would almost certainly get involved—the Americans to protect Israel, and the Russians to help Syria and maintain its influence in the region.
Sadat also assumed the United Nations would insist on a cease-fire. The key, he believed, was to quickly retake as much land as possible to give Egypt a strong bargaining position in negotiations that would undoubtedly follow.
They bought thousands of rocket-propelled grenade launchers and AT-3 Saggers, wire-guided antitank missiles. Soviet Ts and Ts were added to the tank battalions, while air power was bolstered by MiG,and fighters and Su-7 and fighter-bombers, as well as Scud surface-to-surface missiles.
Egyptian soldiers trained intensely, rehearsing their attack across the Suez at least 35 times with full-scale mockups of Israeli installations. These mountains of sand topped 60 feet and had slopes of 45 to 65 degrees. To carve out passages for their men and machines, the Egyptians created some 40 engineering battalions equipped with high-powered water hoses.
After fierce fighting at the Chinese Farm, they crossed the canal, divided Egyptian forces, and encircled the Third Army. Baker Vail The Arabs would face an Israeli military feared for its armor and air power. Since the war, Israel had built formidable defenses for its new territories. The Bar-Lev Line, a chain of fortifications, stretched miles along the Suez, from the Mediterranean in the north to the Gulf of Suez in the south.
In the Golan Heights, an intricate network of antitank trenches, firing platforms, and listening posts defended Israeli lands. The IDF felt secure behind these barriers—perhaps too secure.
Before the Egyptian attack, less than half of the Bar-Lev defenses were manned fully. This would also be Yom Kippur, the holiest day for Jews. Historians disagree about whether Egypt deliberately scheduled the attack for this sacred day. Jews and many in the West refer to the conflict as the Yom Kippur War.
Indeed, the Egyptians code-named their attack Operation Badr.Arab-Israeli conflict. A conflict between the Israelis and the Arabs in the Middle East.
The United Nations established Israel, a nation under control of Jews (see also Jews), in Palestine in the late s, in territory inhabited by Palestinian Arabs. Israeli Conflicts "Key to the Sinai The Battles for Abu Aghelia in the and Arab Israeli Wars. The Arab-Israeli War: The Albatross of Decisive Victory-the example of the Egyptian armed forces, who following Egypt's humiliation in the Six-Day War, made significant changes to their force structure and tactics.
A brief history of the key events and people that shaped the Arab-Israeli conflict. Since the Arab Israeli conflict is represented as a religious conflict (see article) Israel as the only Jewish state has no chance for a fair hearing in the UN. This is true not only for conflict with Israel but for Intra-Arab conflicts as well (see most recent examples of Iran-Iraq war, Gulf War, etc.).
Arab-Israeli wars: Arab-Israeli wars, series of military conflicts between Israeli and various Arab forces, most notably in –49, , , , , and These include Israel’s War of Independence and the Palestinian Nakbah, the Suez Crisis, the Six-Day War, the Yom Kippur War, and two wars in Lebanon.
Sep 18, · Find out the latest in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict with stories from Gaza, Jerusalem and the West Bank. We also track Israel's expanding settlements and Palestinians' resistance.