An Enlightened Despot Catherine the Great:
Catherine the Great Catherine the Great: Homer December 2, One of the most interesting, hard-working and powerful people to grace the pages of history during the eighteenth century was Catherine II, Empress of Russia.
Historians have not always been so kind to her memory, and all too often one reads accounts of her private life, ignoring her many achievements.
The stories of her love affairs have been overly misinterpreted and can be traced to a handful of French writers in the years immediately after Catherine's death, when Republican France was fighting for Catherine the great essays life against a coalition that included Russia.
Her father, Prince Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, was a high-ranking officer in the Prussian Army and a minor prince among the principalities in Germany.
He married the much younger Princess Johanna of Holstein-Gottorp. However the Prince died of small pox, leaving Elizabeth heart-broken.
Elizabeth's sister, Anna gave birth to a son named Peter Ulrich, however tragedy once again struck as Anna's died of tuberculosis three months after giving birth to Peter. Peter, who eventually became Tsar Peter III, was the only surviving male descendent and the potentially heir to the throne of Russia after his father died.
In NovemberElizabeth seized the throne with the help of the Imperial Guards, and formally declared her nephew Peter heir to the throne.
Peter was now 14 years old, and it was time for him to find a bride. The Empress Elizabeth seemed to have taken an instant liking to Sophie at an early age. Sophie began to learn the Russian language and studied the Orthodox religion, which of course pleased the Empress.
On June 28, Sophie was received into the Church in a great ceremony, and as a result changed her name to Catherine. Catherine was now the second highest-ranking lady in the country.
Shortly after, Peter obtained measles, which started to show all the symptoms of small pox. Catherine found him to be a most pitiful creature, and it was with dismay that she looked towards her wedding day.
The royal court was back in St. Petersburg, and after several postponements, the wedding took place on August 21, in the Cathedral of Kazan. It was at this time that Catherine, who had never felt more isolated, wrote: But in the first days of my marriage, I made some cruel reflections about him.
I said to myself: If you love this man, you will be the most wretched creature on Earth. Watch your step, so far as affection for this gentleman is concerned, think of yourself, Madame.
Catherine was disappointed with her marriage, but decided to stick it out and concentrate on building herself a powerful group of allies. Catherine occupied herself with reading everything she could lay her hands on. She discovered satisfaction in the works of Plato and Voltaire. Her interest in the intellect caused an even greater distance between Peter and herself.
The years passed and there was still no heir in sight. This of course irritated the Empress who wanted to secure a powerful dynasty, and could not do so without the presence of a male heir.
She thought it must be Catherine's fault because she was not attracted to her husband. However, it was Peter that was not able to produce a male son, so Elizabeth permitted an affair between Catherine and a Russian military officer named Serge Saltykov.Catherine the Great (Born Sophia Augusta Fredericka, later Ekaterina Alekseevna) Russian playwright, essayist, and satirist.
Essay By Emma Borkman Who influenced Catherine the Great’s reforms and what impact did these reforms have on Russia? Through Catherine’s the Great’s correspondence with Enlightenment Philosophers, she was able to formulate reforms to implement for Russia.
Catherine the Great: Empress of Russia, () History , Section 4 Russell Smith Dr. Homer December 2, One of the most interesting, hard-working and powerful people to grace the pages of history during the eighteenth century was Catherine II, Empress of Russia/5(1).
Catherine the Great: An Enlightened Despot.
The social and political theories of the Enlightenment spawned new radical ideas such as individual liberty, checks and balances, and the social contract. The title of this essay is meant to be intentionally ironic. Despite having as much claim, through her actions and her policies, to the title of "enlightened despot" as any ruler in modern times, Catherine the Great is often treated as a prized chrysanthemum: a pretty thing to look at, but nothing to take too seriously.
Biography of Catherine the Great Essays Words | 15 Pages. Biography of Catherine the Great One of the most interesting, hard-working and powerful people to grace the pages of history during the eighteenth century was Catherine II, Empress of Russia.