The film The Birth of a Nation was released, mythologizing and glorifying the first Klan. Leo Franka Jewish man accused of the rape and murder of a young white girl named Mary Phagan, was lynched against a backdrop of media frenzy. The second Ku Klux Klan was founded with a new anti-immigrant and anti-Semitic agenda.
Three Klans First KKK The first Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennesseesometime between December and August by six former officers of the Confederate army  as a fraternal social club inspired at least in part by the then largely defunct Sons of Malta.
It borrowed parts of the initiation ceremony from that group, with the same purpose: The manual of rituals was printed by Laps D. The members had conjured up a veritable Frankenstein.
For example, Confederate veteran John W. Morton founded a chapter in Nashville, Tennessee. In andthe federal government passed the Enforcement Actswhich were intended to prosecute and suppress Klan crimes. It seriously weakened the black political establishment through its use of assassinations and threats of violence; it drove some people out of politics.
On the other hand, it caused a sharp backlash, with passage of federal laws that historian Eric Foner says were a success in terms of "restoring order, reinvigorating the morale of Southern Republicans, and enabling blacks to exercise their rights as citizens".
Rable argues that the Klan was a political failure and therefore was discarded by the Democratic leaders of the South. More fundamentally, it declined because it failed to achieve its central objective — the overthrow of Republican state governments in the South.
They were described as acting as the military arm of the Democratic Party and are attributed with helping white Democrats regain control of state legislatures throughout the South. Second KKK See also: While Simmons relied on documents from the original Klan and memories of some surviving elders, the revived Klan was based significantly on the wildly popular film, The Birth of a Nation.
The earlier Klan had not worn the white costumes or burned crosses; these were aspects introduced in the film. When the film was shown in Atlanta in December of that year, Simmons and his new klansmen paraded to the theater in robes and pointed hoods — many on robed horses — just like in the movie.
These mass parades would become another hallmark of the new Klan that had not existed in the original Reconstruction-era organization. The national headquarters made its profit through a monopoly of costume sales, while the organizers were paid through initiation fees.
It grew rapidly nationwide at a time of prosperity. Reflecting the social tensions pitting urban versus rural America, it spread to every state and was prominent in many cities.
The second KKK preached "One Hundred Percent Americanism" and demanded the purification of politics, calling for strict morality and better enforcement of Prohibition. Its official rhetoric focused on the threat of the Catholic Churchusing anti-Catholicism and nativism. During the resurgence of the second Klan during the s, its publicity was handled by the Southern Publicity Association —within the first six months of the Associations national recruitment campaign, Klan membership had increased by 85, Internal divisions, criminal behavior by leaders, and external opposition brought about a collapse in membership, which had dropped to about 30, by It finally faded away in the s.
As ofresearchers estimate that there are just over 30 active Klan groups exist in the United States,  with about chapters.
Tuscaloosa, AlabamaIndependent Monitor, September 1, Hubbs, Searching for Freedom after the Civil War: Klansman, Carpetbagger, Scalawag, and Freedman InMississippi Governor William L. Sharkey reported that disorder, lack of control, and lawlessness were widespread; in some states armed bands of Confederate soldiers roamed at will.
The Klan used public violence against black people and their allies as intimidation. They burned houses and attacked and killed black peopleleaving their bodies on the roads. Local chapters and bands were highly independent. There were never hierarchical levels or state headquarters.
Klan members used violence to settle old personal feuds and local grudges, as they worked to restore general white dominance in the disrupted postwar society. The historian Elaine Frantz Parsons describes the membership: Lifting the Klan mask revealed a chaotic multitude of antiblack vigilante groups, disgruntled poor white farmers, wartime guerrilla bands, displaced Democratic politicians, illegal whiskey distillers, coercive moral reformers, sadists, rapists, white workmen fearful of black competition, employers trying to enforce labor discipline, common thieves, neighbors with decades-old grudges, and even a few freedmen and white Republicans who allied with Democratic whites or had criminal agendas of their own.
Indeed, all they had in common, besides being overwhelmingly white, southern, and Democraticwas that they called themselves, or were called, Klansmen.ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE Marvin D. Nathan National Chair Jonathan A.
Greenblatt CEO & National Director Kenneth Jacobson Deputy National Director Tattered obes: The State of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States 5 The most common Klan tactic, however, continues to be the spreading of fliers to broadcast their racist, anti-Semitic.
On August 8, , more than 50, members of the Ku Klux Klan paraded through Washington, D.C. Some walked in lines as wide as 20 abreast, while others created formations of the letter K or a.
The history of the United States from through covers the post-World War I era, the Great Ku Klux Klan.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is the name of three entirely different organizations (s Roosevelt entered office with no single ideology or plan for dealing with the depression. The "new deal" was often contradictory, pragmatic, and. Start studying Chapter 3.
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The American flag is a material object that denotes the United States of America; however, there are certain connotations that many associate with the flag, like bravery and freedom. The Ku Klux Klan is an example of what. A detailed account of the history of the Ku Klux Klan.
The first branch of the KKK was established in Pulaski, Tennessee, in May, Do you esteem the United States of America and its instructions above all other government, civil, political, or ecclesiastical, in the whole world? A former Ku Klux Klansman was convicted yesterday of.
In the Klan was found civilly liable by an all-white jury and sentenced to damages of $7 million in the wrongful-death verdict in the case. The settlement bankrupted the United Klans of America.
The suit became a precedent for civil legal action against other racist hate groups in the United States.