Mediante otros decretos redujo los requisitos de propiedad necesarios para formar parte del arcontado e introdujo el pago de unas generosas cantidades de dinero para aquellos ciudadanos que sirviesen como jurados en la Heliea la corte suprema de Atenas. Se llama democraciaporque no solo unos pocos sino unos muchos pueden gobernar.
It is called a democracy, because not the few but the many govern. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if to social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition.
Agariste was the great-granddaughter of the tyrant of SicyonCleisthenesand the niece of the Athenian reformer Cleisthenes. His early years were quiet; the introverted young Pericles avoided public appearances, instead preferring to devote his time to his studies.
He Who is pericles music from the masters of the time Damon or Pythocleides could have been his teacher   and he is considered to have been the first politician to attribute importance to philosophy.
Anaxagoras, in particular, became a close friend and influenced him greatly. Throughout these years he endeavored to protect his privacy and to present himself as a model for his fellow citizens. For example, he would often avoid banquets, trying to be frugal.
Samons II argues, however, that Pericles had enough resources to make a political mark by private means, had he so chosen. The accusation was that Cimon betrayed his city by aiding Sparta.
Constantine Paparrigopoulosa major modern Greek historian, argues that Pericles sought for the expansion and stabilization of all democratic institutions.
First Peloponnesian War[ edit ] Main article: In BC he attacked Sicyon and Acarnania. The campaign culminated in disaster; the besieging force was defeated and destroyed.
The very existence of the treaty is hotly disputed, and its particulars and negotiation are ambiguous. In BC the oligarchs of Thebes conspired against the democratic faction.
The Athenians demanded their immediate surrender, but after the Battle of CoroneaPericles was forced to concede the loss of Boeotia in order to recover the prisoners taken in that battle.
Euboea and Megara revolted. Pericles crossed over to Euboea with his troops, but was forced to return when the Spartan army invaded Attica. Through bribery and negotiations, Pericles defused the imminent threat, and the Spartans returned home.
Nonetheless, the "serious purpose" namely the bribery was so obvious to the auditors that they approved the expenditure without official meddling and without even investigating the mystery. He then punished the landowners of Chalciswho lost their properties.
The residents of Histiaeameanwhile, who had butchered the crew of an Athenian triremewere uprooted and replaced by 2, Athenian settlers. The ambitious new leader of the conservatives, Thucydides not to be confused with the historian of the same nameaccused Pericles of profligacy, criticizing the way he spent the money for the ongoing building plan.
Thucydides initially managed to incite the passions of the ecclesia regarding these charges in his favor. However, when Pericles took the floor, his resolute arguments put Thucydides and the conservatives firmly on the defensive.
Finally, Pericles proposed to reimburse the city for all questionable expenses from his private property, with the proviso that he would make the inscriptions of dedication in his own name. Worsted in the war, the Milesians came to Athens to plead their case against the Samians.
Phidias, who had been in charge of all building projects, was first accused of embezzling gold meant for the statue of Athena and then of impiety, because, when he wrought the battle of the Amazons on the shield of Athena, he carved out a figure that suggested himself as a bald old man, and also inserted a very fine likeness of Pericles fighting with an Amazon.
Although Aspasia was acquitted thanks to a rare emotional outburst of Pericles, his friend, Phidias, died in prison and another friend of his, Anaxagoras, was attacked by the ecclesia for his religious beliefs.
Peloponnesian War The causes of the Peloponnesian War have been much debated, but many ancient historians lay the blame on Pericles and Athens. Plutarch seems to believe that Pericles and the Athenians incited the war, scrambling to implement their belligerent tactics "with a sort of arrogance and a love of strife".
However, as he is generally regarded as an admirer of Pericles, Thucydides has been criticized for bias against Sparta. During the same period, Pericles proposed the Megarian Decreewhich resembled a modern trade embargo.Pericles: The Rise and Fall of Athenian Democracy (Leaders of Ancient Greece) [Hamish Aird] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Describes the life and accomplishments of the Athenian leader who held power during the high point of Athenian civilization.
The Project Gutenberg eBook, Plutarch's Lives, Volume I (of 4), by Plutarch, et al, Translated by Aubrey Stewart and George Long This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
Name: PERICLES: Construction: IRON: Type: SHIP: Date: Official Number: Description: Rig: SHIP Description: Two decks, three masts, ship rigged, round. Aug 21, · Pericles and the Athenian Golden Age. The golden age of Athenian culture is usually dated from to B.C., the years of relative peace between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
Aug 21, · Pericles and the Athenian Golden Age. The golden age of Athenian culture is usually dated from to B.C., the years of relative peace between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
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